Etty Soesilowati, Dyah Maya Nihayah, Phany Inneke Putri


During this time someone's happiness is identical with the material. In other words, the level of welfare is measured by the level of income. Actually, The level of community welfare can actually be measured in two ways, first, using the same standard (objective indicators)and second, unequal standards (subjective indicators). One of welfare indicators that measures achievement based on standards that are not the same for each individual is the Happiness Index. The research objective is to (1) find out how the Semarang City happiness index is in 2018; (2) to see how big is the difference of Happiness Index between people in Semarang City based on their level of education, gender, marital status, income, and length of stay. The main variables used in this study include material and immaterial aspects which include: (1) Household Income that represents individual work & income, (2) Condition of Houses and Assets, (3) Education, (4) Health, (5 ) Family Harmony, (6) Social Relations, (7) Availability of Leisure Time, (8) Environmental & Security Conditions, (9) Affection representing indicators of Achieved Desires/ Expectations & Life Satisfaction, (10) Life Happiness. The results showed that Semarang City Happiness Index in 2018 is 73.50. By gender, men are happier than women. From the level of education, the level of education of S2 and S3 is a group of citizens whose happiness index scores are always the highest. Citizens with married status are the happiest group. From the Income Level category, the happiest people are people with income of more than Rp. 7,200,000.00. The happiest groups of people are those who have lived for 21-30 years. This community group has an index value of 75.15. It turns out that the size of happiness in the city of Semarang is not only seen from a material size, but also obtained from the synergy with aspects of calm and tranquility of life. Therefore, the most important values in the determination of policies (regulation, planning policies, budgeting and finance or even development human resources and infrastructures policies) and The Government should concern on how to gain sustainability and conducive climate in formulating development programs, that can make community feel safe, comfortable, calm and peaceful.

Full Text:



Ariyanti, Duwi Setiya. 2015. Indeks Kebahagiaan. Survei BPS: Orang yang Tak Menikah Paling Tidak Bahagia. Kamis, 5 Februari 2015 16:00 WIB

Bappeda Kota Bandung. 2015. Indeks Kebahagiaan Kota Bandung Tahun 2015

Biro Pusat Statistik Indonesia. 2015. Statistik 70 Tahun Indonesia Merdeka.

Biro Pusat Statistik Provinsi DKI Jakarta. 2015. Berita Resmi Statistik : Indeks Kebahagiaan DKI Jakarta Tahun 2014

Biro Pusat Statistik Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Berita Resmi Statistik : Indeks Kebahagiaan DIY Tahun 2017

Biro Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jambi. 2015. Berita Resmi Statistik : Indeks Kebahagiaan Jambi Tahun 2014

Biro Pusat Statistik Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat. 2015. Berita Resmi Statistik : Indeks Kebahagiaan NTB Tahun 2014

BPS Kota Semarang. 2014. Semarang Dalam Angka

BPS Kota Semarang. 2014. IPM Kota Semarang

BPS Kota Semarang. 2014. PDRB Menurut Pengeluaran 2010–2014

Clark, Andrew E. dan Senik, Claudia. 2011. Will GDP Growth Increase Happiness in Developing Countries? IZA Discussion Paper No. 5595

Cloutier, S.A., et al. 2014. Application of the Sustainable Neighborhoods for Happiness Index (SNHI) to coastal cities in the United States, Ocean & Coastal Management. 1-7.

Chen, W.C. 2012. How education enhances happiness : Comparison of mediating factors in four east Asian countries. Social Indicators Research. Vol.106 No.1: 117-131

Devaraj, Srikant dan Sushil K. Sharma. 2014. The Human Development Index of Indiana Countries – An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Business and Economic Development Volume 2 No.1 March 2014.

Easterlin, Richard A. dan Angelescu, Laura. 2009. Happiness and Growth the World Over: Time Series Evidence on the Happiness-Income Paradox. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4060

Gozali, Anang. 2007. Survei Indeks Kebahagiaan Penduduk Jakarta Paling Tidak Bahagia. www.marketing.co.id/survei-indeks-kebahagiaan-penduduk-jakarta-paling-tidak-bahagia/ diakses 11 Agustus 2016

Haryanto, Joko Tri. 2015. OPINI: Paradigma Baru Pembangunan Nasional. http://cpps.ugm.ac.id/content/opini-paradigma-baru-pembangunan-nasional-oleh-joko-tri-h-bkf-kemenkeu#sthash.sNA5THsU.dpuf. Diakses 11 Agustus 2016

Kentaro. Kawahara. 2013. A Case Study of Happiness Index by Local Government: - Gross Arakawa Happiness (GAH) in Arakawa City. Waseda Review of Education27(1)

Lane, Tom. 2017. How does happiness relate to economic behavior?. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics

Marques, Helena, Pino, Gabriel and J.D. Tena. 2013. Do Happiness Indexes Truly Rreveal Happiness? Measuring Using Revealed Preferences From Migration Flows. Working Paper 13-09. Statistic and Econometric Series 08. Departamento de Estadística. Universidad Carlos III deMadrid.

Nihayah, Dyah Maya, Avi Budi Setiawan, Evi Widowati dan Phany Ineke Putri . 2016. Analisis Indeks Kebahagiaan Kota Semarang Tahun 2016. Jurnal RIPTEK_ Jurnal Pembangunan Kota Semarang Berbasis Penelitian Sains dan Teknologi. Volume 10 No 2. November 2016. Bappeda Kota Semarang

Nihayah, Dyah Maya, Etty Soesilowati dan Phany Ineke Putri. 2017. Kajian Indeks Kebahagiaan Kota Semarang Tahun 2017. Jurnal RIPTEK_ Jurnal Pembangunan Kota Semarang Berbasis Penelitian Sains dan Teknologi. Volume 10 No 2. November 2017. Bappeda Kota Semarang

S. Djankov et al.. The happiness gap in Eastern Europe. Journal of Comparative Economics (2015) 1- 17.

Todaro, Michael P, dan Smith, Stephen C, 2004. Pembangunan Ekonomi di Dunia Ketiga Edisi Kedelapan, Jakarta : Penerbit Erlangga.

http://worldhappiness.report/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2017/03/StatisticalAppendixWHR2017.pdf diunduh pada tanggal 20 Agustus 2017.



  • There are currently no refbacks.