Bambang Sudarmanto, Imam Rofii


The diversity and density of vegetation is key in managing flood throughout the watershed, especially in the central and downstream regions. Measures of vegetation diversity and density that can be used are the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) which is a measure of vegetation greenness (chlorophyll levels), Normalized Difference Water Index (NDVI) to measure vegetation wetness levels, and soil adjusted vegetation index (SAVI) for low canopy vegetation cover. For watersheds that stretch long to downstream or coastal areas, the measure of land diversity needs to be supplemented by using the Normalized Difference Built-Up Index (NDBI) indicator that is useful for land use planning. Information on this vegetation index can be obtained by processing a satellite imagery map. The benefits of processing vegetation indexes in watershed management are becoming increasingly important in the era of climate change, especially with regard to efforts to harmonization of relationships between environmental elements that include the diversity of the interests of the resident population. That's why this research was done in order to find the link between natural factors including the impacts of climate change and humans. The test began by looking for changes in the ND VI, ND WI, SA VI, and NDBI indexes from the last 5 years with the Global Indicator Spatial Association (GISA) analysis using Moran's I Global Index followed by looking for the association with the pattern of population change and the percentage of the area of the settlement. The results showed a link between Moran's I Global Index change pattern of population change and the spread of residential developments. The tendency of the distribution of this settlement area is an important point in analyzing the influence of its dispersal patterns in a watershed so that the continued impact of potential erosion, sedimentation, and flooding triggered that will be the main consideration in watershed management. 


GISA; NDVI; NDWI; NDBI; Global Moran’s I; Watershed

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