Strategi Penyediaan Fasilitas Ruang Publik Inklusif di Kota Lama Semarang Berdasarkan Persepsi dan Preferensi Lansia

Valian Aulia Pradana, Djoko Suwandono, Nurini Nurini


A good public space must be friendly and accommodating to everyone, including the elderly. Elderly is a group that has limitations when they are in public spaces because of their different needs. To find out the needs of the elderly in public spaces, it is necessary to understand their perceptions and preferences for the facilities provided so that the elderly do not need to adapt. The purpose of this study is to determine the perceptions and preferences of the elderly in the provision of inclusive public spaces in Kota Lama Semarang. Analysis of the perceptions and preferences of the elderly was carried out on three aspects, namely accessibility, comfort and safety. Data collection was carried out through filling out questionnaires by 60 elderly in Kota Lama Semarang area. This study uses Likert scale as measuring tool for the perceptions and preferences of the elderly. The conclusion from the three aspects studied, the perception of the elderly in the condition of public space facilities shows that there are advantages and disadvantages. While the preferences of the elderly in the provision of public space facilities show that the elderly agree if procurement, additions, or improvements to facilities related to the three aspects studied. The strategy for providing inclusive public space facilities can follow the standards or best practices in other cities or countries, but does not leave the classic nuance which is the identity of the Kota Lama Semarang.

Full Text:



AusAID. (2013). Accessibility Design Guide: Universal Design Principles for Australia’s AID Program. Annex A: Built Environment, 23, 139.

Bechmann, S. (2011). Inclusive Design, a Perfect Solution? 1–10.

Burton, E., & Mitchell, L. (2006). Inclusive Urban Design: Streets for Life. Elsevier.

City of Toronto. (2004). City of Toronto: Accessibility Design Guidelines. 137.

Dewi, C. K. S., Yoedawinata, A., & Nilotama, S. K. L. (2019). Desain Signage Yang Efektif Untuk Menghasilkan Wayfinding Dan Orientasi Ruang Pada Public Space (Studi Kasus : Interior Mall Senayan City). Jurnal Dimensi Seni Rupa Dan Desain, 15(2), 155.

Esariti, L., Ariyanti, K. E., & Putri, M. D. (2020). Penyediaan Fasilitas Responsif Gender Pada Ruang Terbuka Publik di Kota Lama Semarang. 14(2), 128.

Farage, M. A., Miller, K. W., Ajayi, F., & Hutchins, D. (2012). Design Principles To Accommodate Older Adults. Global Journal of Health Science, 4(2), 2–25.

Gehl, J. (2011). Life Between Buildings: Using Public Space. Island Press.

Heylighen, A., Van der Linden, V., & Van Steenwinkel, I. (2017). Ten Questions Concerning Inclusive Design of The Built Environment. Building and Environment, 114, 507–517.

Jian, I. Y., Luo, J., & Chan, E. H. W. (2020). Spatial Justice In Public Open Space Planning: Accessibility and inclusivity. Habitat International, 97(January), 102122.

Kara, E. K. (2015). Public vs. Private: The Evaluation of Different Space Types in Terms of Publicness Dimension. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 5(3), 51–58.

Kurniawati, W. (2012). Public Space for Marginal People. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 36(June 2011), 476–484.

Mandl, B., & Millonig, A. (2012). the Variety of the Golden Agers: Identifying Profiles of Older People for Mobility Research. Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual Meeting TRB 2013.

Narimawati, U. (2008). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif, Teori dan Aplikasi. Agung Media.

Neufert, E. (2014). Architects’ Data. In Vascular (Issue January 2010).

NZ Transport Agency. (2009). Pedestrian Planning and Design Guide.

Octaviana, S. (2019). Jalur Trotoar Responsif Penyandang Low Vision: Studi Kasus Pasar Baru Bandung. Inklusi, 6(2), 313.

Pratomo, A., Soedwiwahjono, S., & Miladan, N. (2019). Kualitas Taman Kota Sebagai Ruang Publik Di Kota Surakarta Berdasarkan Persepsi Dan Preferensi Pengguna. Desa-Kota, 1(1), 84.

Resiana, F. (2015). Efektivitas Penghalang Vegetasi Sebagai Peredam Kebisingan Lalu Lintas Di Kawasan Pendidikan Jalan Ahmad Yani Pontianak. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Lahan Basah, 3(1), 1–10.

Skibińska, M., Denis, M., & Wieczorek, M. (2019). Places to Sit for Senior Citizens Located in Urban Space: Warsaw City as A Case Study. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Architectura Budownictwo, 18(3), 67–77.

Subramanian, D., & Jana, A. (2018). Assessing Urban Recreational Open Spaces For The Elderly: A Case Of Three Indian Cities. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 35(August), 115–128.

Yung, E. H. K., Conejos, S., & Chan, E. H. W. (2016). Social Needs Of The Elderly And Active Aging In Public Open Spaces In Urban Renewal. Cities, 52, 114–122.


  • There are currently no refbacks.